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The Australian National University

Kusunda basic vocabulary

Kusunda vocabulary shows influences from Indo-Aryan, Tibeto-Burman, and possibly other directions. Nonetheless, the core of the vocabulary does not have obvious etymologies anywhere except within Kusunda itself, and so is a valuable object of documentation.

Some basic vocabulary is presented below:

An example of some basic vocabulary:

Kusunda basic vocabulary

Gloss Broad transcription Sound Phonemic transcription
blood  lapa /lapa/
body  gidzaŋ /gidzaŋ/
bone  gṳ /go̤/
breast  əmbu /mbo/
ear  jew /iw/
eye  inəŋ /inŋ/
face  a̤ŋ /a̤ŋ/
faeces  jaŋ /jaŋ/
fat  gisi /gisi/
finger  əwsi /wsi/
hair  ipi gi /ipi gi/
hand  əwi /wi/
head  ipi /ipi/
heart  gupljəq /gopljq/
leg  jen /in/
nose  inə̃w /inw̃/
skin  gitət /gitt/
stomach  gimət /gimt/
teeth  /o̤/
tongue  idzaŋ /idzaŋ/
urine  an /an/
1PL  toq /toq/
1SG  tsi /tsi/
2PL  noq /noq/
2SG  nu /no/
3SG  gina /gina/
aunt  makantsi /makantsi/
big brother  ʕnemam /õʕnimam/
brother  bəja /bja/
child  getse /gitsi/
daughter  niŋgitse /niŋgitsi/
daughter-in-law  bəj /bj/
elder brother  mam /mam/
father  jej /ij/
father's sister  nembi /nimbi/
grandfather  nep /nep/
grandmother  ɲaʕ /naʕ/
husband  duj /doj/
maternal aunt  naqambi /naqambi/
maternal grandfather  noqoq /noqoq/
maternal uncle  ɲaqam /naqam/
mother  maj /maj/
man  nu /no/
son  duktsi /doktsi/
uncle  jaqantsa /jaqantsa/
wife  ɲaʕŋdi /naŋdi/
women  ɲaʕŋdi getse /naŋdi gitsi/
younger sister  binəj /binj/
ant  biki /biki/
buffalo  mə̤j /m̤j/
chicken  tap getse /tap gitsi/
cow  nuŋba /noŋba/
dog  əgəj /gj/
egg  gwa /gwa/
fish  nəsa /nsa/
goat  ədziki /dziki/
horse  pjaqsəm /pjaqsm/
monkey  a̤qo /a̤qo/
pig  /i̤/
sheep  go̤loq /go̤loq/
snake  tu /to/
tail  go̤qba /go̤qba/
banana  a̤m /a̤m/
banana  motsa /motsa/
barley  gisakəla /gisakla/
chilli  beʕgən /biʕgn/
flower  gepaʕn /gipaʕn/
garlic  ərəq /rq/
leaf  a̤q /a̤q/
mango  əmbjaq /mbjaq/
rice  qadzi /qadzi/
root  godoq /godoq/
thorn  gitsi /gitsi/
tree  ji /ji/
turmeric  kəpaŋ /kpaŋ/
wheat  kərgwi /krgwi/
ash  dzəj /dzj/
clothes  pəjdzi /pjdzi/
door  əwata /wata/
fire  dza /dza/
firewood  dədzi /ddzi/
gold  qəpədzuŋ /qpdzoŋ/
house  ṳi /w̤i/
khukuri  koʕle /koʕle/
meat  əmba /mba/
name  gidzi /gidzi/
needle  ərtsa /rtsa/
oil  dzəŋ /dzŋ/
path  un /on/
roof  oqsa /oqsa/
salt  ṳki /o̤ki/
spade  ṳgjaŋ /o̤gjaŋ/
thread  suta /sota/
village  la̤ŋ /la̤ŋ/
cloud  pãj /pãj/
day, sun  j̃u /jõ/
daytime  oŋtsa /oŋtsa/
moon  niku /niko/
morning  goradze /goradzi/
mud  dum /dom/
night  iŋgao /iŋgao/
rain  taŋ gjon /taŋ gjon/
star  saʕm /saʕm/
stone  jeŋgu /iŋgo/
sunset  iŋgitub /iŋgitub/
today  tənnin /tnnin/
tomorrow  goraq /goraq/
water  taŋ /taŋ/
wind  qaj /qai/
yesterday  peni /pjini/
above  aŋdze /aŋdzi/
below  aməj /amj/
that  gina /gina/
that  ɲaʕ /naʕ/
one  qasti /qasti/
one  qasn /qasn/
two  duku /doko/
three  da̤t /da̤t/
four  pigu /pigo/
five  paŋdzaŋ /paŋdzaŋ/
all  swatəj /swatj/
a lot  məməj /mmj/
bad  qolom /qolom/
big  ʕnəe /õʕni/
black  soqsoqgərəm /soqsoqgrm/
broken  qoladzi /qoladzi/
cold  koŋgu /koŋgo/
different  qondoq-qondoq /qondoq-qondoq/
dry  qajgun /qaigon/
far  ṳntu /̤onto/
few  gudzaŋ /godzaŋ/
good  wen /win/
heavy  niŋgwa /niŋgwa/
hot  gə̤rəu /g̤rw/
hunger  idaŋ /idaŋ/
light  qãwər /qãwr/
long  ləŋka /lŋka/
near  ista /ista/
new  dzjən /dzjn/
old  də̤ja /dja̤/
red  kwərgun /kwrgon/
short  poqtoq /poqtoq/
small  ṳŋkuj /o̤ŋkoj/
white  qasigi /qasigi/
bite  kam əgən /kam gn/
come  aga /aga/
die  oʕdzi /oqdzi/
drink  geʕõŋ /qon/
eat  gəmən /gmn/
fear  kaja /kaja/
fly  /o̤/
give  jego /igo/
kill  pat əgən /pat gn/
lie  məroŋto /mroŋto/
run, go  pupur /popor/
see  gaŋno /gaŋno/
sit  a̤ŋno /a̤ŋno/
sleep  juŋto /joŋto/
speak  məso /mso/
walk  dəgəj /dgj/
how much  əsi /sj/
when  əsa /sa/
where  a̤mpe /a̤mpi/
who  nəti /nti/

Updated:  7 October 2013/Responsible Officer:  Mark Donohue /Page Contact:  Mark Donohue